„ Not to look but to see ”.
Mihail Narica Mihail Narica - who are you?
Writer, second after Boris Pasternak who published his own novel
„Song which was not sing ” in west. Writer who turned above — board
to Hruschov toward violence of partlly ideology, toward stencil of
„bureucratic thinking ” in the artistic creative work.
„ ... Beams of glory dejectorly snatchy go down, Narica had done no less than his confrer
but he didn’t became famous. But it don’t enable us to forget and ingratitude.”
The hard century had passed...
The hard century had passed – the century of red and brown plague. This cost the mankind no one hundred million of human lives. The history didn’t know such losses. It was especially tragic for Russia. The forced introduction of utopian teaching of Marx and Engels cost Russia tens of millions of ruined and crippled human lives. It was so serious loss for nation, for its genetic fund. People of different nationalities took active part in this appalling experiment in Russia or in the capacity of “ideological” leaders either in the capacity of “liquidators – shooters”. There were Daugashvili – Stalin, Lavrentiy Beriya, Bronhstein – Trockiy and Lazar Kaganovich, Dzerjynsky and Latsis, Peteris and Yagoda … There were some Russian people: such as the liquidator – Ejov and well – known Skryabin – Molotov. The great role belonged to the successor of Marx’s teaching – to Lenin. This is he who proclaimed the aim “to clean the Russian land from any kinds of harmful insects”, but the official of Cheka Latsis carried out the idea of “the very human man” into life:
“We don’t fight a war against separate people. We exterminate the bourgeoisie as a class. Don’t find some materials of indictment or some evidences in the judicial investigation that a defendant had acted with some activities or words against the Soviet Union. The first question which you must propose him is which class he belongs to, which social origin, upbringing, education or profession he has got. These questions should determine a destiny of the accused. This is a sense and meaning of red terror”.
But to organize this great “cleaning of Russian land” using the old juridical methods was impossible. After that a brand new from of reprisals was adopted – an illegal reprisal. Cheka became the only punitive detachment (or team) in history connecting all these together: shadowing and arrest, justice and punishment. Systematic extermination of “class enemies” was alternated with big and small waves of terror and repressions. The wave of 1929 – 1930 had befallen upon the dispossessed the kulaks – “humble and having no written language people”. According to all available data of Soljenitsin “15 million of them were absorbed into permafrost”. The wave of 1936 – 38, or as it is called “the great cleaning”, washed away 16 million mainly of intelligentsia – people with “a slide – rule”. About one million of them were shot down. The next after – war wave of 1946 – 49 touched to the whole nations and nationalities and millions of those who were in captivity.
The dictator Stalin had died. After that rehabilitations for the innocent shooted and the innocent victims followed. But the war against dissidence continued: communist “ideals” ensured comfortable existence for the authorities, and it wasn’t allowed to anybody not to believe into Communist Utopia”. But how to do violence against dissidence without shootings and concentration camps? So the Soviet psychiatry was called to appear on the scene.
Michail Naritsa was born in the peasant family on the 4th of November in 1909. He graduated Leningrad Art Secondary School and entered the Art Academy. But in 1935 on 15th October he was arrested and sentenced to five years. His term he spent in Uhto-Ijemski concentration camp. For the second he was arrested on 15th September 1949 and he was sent for lifelong exile to Kazkhstan, as the additional punishment. After Stalins death he was rehabilitated, come back to Leningrad with his family and restored his studies in the Art Academy. A book was written and published abroad. On the time of its publication the book “Unsinging Song” became the second book after “Doctor Zhivago” which wasn’t passed by the censor and was published abroad. Naritsa declaimed before Chrushchov for freedom of creative work: “In our country the artists are not allowed to express their own thoughts and ideas, they are allowed only to use some ready expressions of official thinking…” Communists couldn’t afford it. The author of the book again was caught and send not to the prison, but to the prison madhouse.
As Michail Aleksandrovich writes a bit later: “Humane state doesn’t punish me but treats. When I was arrested for the first time, they tried to persuade me that I am a state’s enemy. But when I became an enemy of this state, they are trying to persuade that I am not an enemy but I am ill. The reason of my illness, as they consider, is underserved punishment from which I suffered a lot in the past. Now this reason of the illness is fit for the medicine against the same illness because I will be treated not in the health resorts but in the prison…”
In Leningrad special madhouse there were crossed life ways of Michail Naritsa and General Peter Grigorenko, a mathematican Esenin – Volpin and Vladimir Bukovski. Only Peter Grigorenko and Vladimir Bukowski were sent to the madhouse for the first time, but Naritsa was on his third term.
Michail Naritsa was dismissed in 1964. Before his discharge there was organized a company for his defence in the West. Naritsa moved with his family to Latvia where continued to write and fight for the leaving the Soviet Union. In 1975 he was arrested for the fourth time and again he was sent for the expert examination to Riga Mental Hospital, but after that – to the Institute of forensic psychiatry in Moscow. After he had obtained the recognition of his health (he was recognized mentally healthy), he was moved to Riga Investigating Isolation Ward and in 1976 he was discharged “in view of old age and bad state of health.” Evidently they decided in the State Security Organs that Naritsa wouldn’t be dangerous for the Soviet authorities. But they have miscalculated. Naritsa became an eye- witness of collapse of the Soviet Union and State Security Organs. He died in Rezekne in 1993. He is buried on the nice town cemetery. Near his grave there is a small sphinx, a the copy of St. Petersburg’s one. “The sphinx is silent as it supposed for it. Maybe about such things that this town was very appreciated for him where he had so much grief, and that the rays of glory fall down unevenly. Naritsa has done not less than his comrades but he hasn’t become famous. But it doesn’t give us rights on oblivion and ingratitude.” (From broadcast radio “Freedom” “Above Barriers” 2002)
“In 1996 the writer’s son Fyodor published in St.Petersburg the book of unpublished stories of his father under title “The End or the Beginning?” It is the first book of Naritsa which was published in his Motherland. The works by Naritsa take the desersing place in Russian post – war literature, but you can’t find them on the shelves of Russian libraries. In Russia sometimes the way of book to readers can be very long” (“Sowing”, 12. 99)
The life of writer who was repressed and exonerated four times didn’t give him opportunities for realization of his ideas. His intention to organize a school for development of artistic abilities of our children, our youth has left only in dreams.
Michail Naritsa considered that children’s and youth age is the basement for development of talent, abilities, thinking and diligence. But his affairs live. We created Fund by his name, Fund which aim is to encourage optimistic creative work, creation which carries high human ideals, rejects cruelty and violence, brings peace and harmony.
On 7th November 2002 in Rezekne there where summed up results of the competitions of the year, and the winners were rewarded.
“Now all the emotions and joy of victory is behind already. We would like to thank all the participants of competitions and the organizers of it – Fund of Michail Naritsa – for possibilities to show ourselves. For those people who are in eternal search it is very important!”
With these words of gratitude of Rezekne newspaper we would like to finish the narration about this worthy man.